Everyone loves the time of year when spring begins and tulips, irises, crocuses, hyacinths, and daffodils begin to spread across the landscape. But in order for these beautiful flowers to bloom, they need to be planted in late fall. A “bulb” is a horticultural term for plants that are stored underground in the fall until it’s time for them to bloom in spring. Bulbs should be planted before the first frost, sometime between September and late November for a perfect spring bloom. If you’re new to planting bulbs or just need a yearly refresher, here are some tips for a colorful spring garden.
Plan your garden design before you plant so that you have a successful bloom. Bulbs need to be placed in soil about three times deeper than their height. For example, if you have bulbs that are 1.5 inches in diameter, then you will want to plant them about 4.5 inches deep. You will also want to plan out the spacing of bulbs so that they are bunched together to create a beautiful bloom. Smaller bulbs such as crocuses should be placed 3 to 4 inches apart, while tulips and hyacinths should be planted approximately 6 inches apart. Daffodils should be placed about 8 to 12 inches apart. Place a variety of bulbs in your garden so that they will bloom at different times and extend the beauty of spring.
Pick out large, healthy bulbs. Choosing bulbs is similar to choosing fruit. You’ll want to squeeze the bulbs to make sure that they’re firm and healthy. Larger bulbs are more expensive, but they’re also the largest and most colorful, so it’s best to get the largest bulbs you can afford.
Depending on the species of bulb that you plant, you may need to fertilize the soil after planting. If fertilized properly, perennial bulbs will come back to your garden year after year. Make sure that you plant bulbs with the pointy end facing up in order to help them bloom properly.
With a small amount of planning and preparation in the fall, you will have a gorgeous and vibrant garden for spring! TM Garden Design can assist you in your garden & landscaping design needs!